Alabama Deer Hunting Laws and Regulations

Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources

Alabama Deer Hunting64 N. Union Street, Suite 468
Montgomery, Alabama 36130
Phone: 334-242-3467

Alabama Deer Impact, Ecology and Populations

There are currently an estimated 1.6 million deer in on 1.3 million acres of public Alabama deer hunting land with 37 Wildlife Management Areas. The annual economic impact of Alabama deer hunting is estimated at 1.2 billion dollars per year. The Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources is in charge of monitoring the deer population. They implement programs designed to control the deer population related to the ecological, economical and safety needs of the state. Deer damage includes crops, gardens, landscaping and landscape. They monitor the deer population for diseases such as Chronic Wasting disease, Epizootic Hemorrhagic disease, Tuberculosis, Lyme disease and Parasites. They sample deer in different areas and act upon any outbreaks. The largest Predator groups of deer are humans and coyotes. Over the past 5 years there have been an average of 23,000 car-deer collisions annually. Most car-deer collisions take place from October to December.

Alabama Deer Hunting Laws and Regulations

All Alabama deer hunting must be conducted while possessing a valid and current hunting license. All persons born on or after August 1st, 1977 must complete a hunter education course before obtaining a Hunting License Conservation officers enforce laws and regulations. It is unlawful to discharge a firearm within 50 years of a public road, railway or right of way.

It is unlawful to hunt within 100 yards of any dwelling without permission from the owner and occupants. It is illegal to hunt on private land without written permission from the owner and any occupants of the land. In hunting season, deer may only be hunted during daylight hours. Hunters on the ground must wear a minimum of 144 square inches of hunter orange above the waist. Hunters must carry a harvest record while hunting. It is not allowed to hunt deer in water or take deer from the water. Live deer and elk may not be imported into Alabama.

It is Illegal to: Hunt any area where baiting/feeding has occurred until 10 days after all bait/feed has been removed or consumed. Hunt deer or turkey without an antlered buck and turkey harvest record in his/her possession. Hunt any game animal or bird with a gun or bow and arrow except during daylight hours, with the exception of raccoon and opossum which may be hunted at night as prescribed by law. Take a deer, whether dead or alive, from the waters of this State. Use live decoys except when hunting unprotected birds or animals. Use electronic bird calls except for crow calls. Electronic calls may be used to call predators during daylight hours only during open hunting season for that species. Hunt by the aid of fire or smoke, whether man-made or natural. Willfully throw or cast the rays of a spotlight, headlight or artificial light from any motor vehicle while the vehicle is on any highway or public road and casting said light on any real property, between the hours of sunset and sunrise. Alabama deer hunting using laser sights, attachments and light sources to project a beam forward of a gun or bow is forbidden.

Alabama Deer Hunting Season 2011 – 2012

Bow Hunting – Oct 15th – Jan 31st
Muzzleloaders – Nov 14th – Nov 18th
Gun Season – Nov 19th – Jan 31st

Alabama Deer Hunting Licensing and Costs

Alabama Resident Hunting Licenses

All Game $24.20
Wildlife Management Area License $16.15

Alabama Non-Resident Hunting Licenses

Annual $277.70
10-Day Trip $171.65
3-Day Trip $121.00
Wildlife Management Area License $16.15

Alabama Deer Hunting – Conclusion

For other hunting laws and regulations, please see our page of US Deer Hunting Laws and Regulations. We hope this information on Alabama deer hunting was useful, and that you continue to enjoy the sport.